Factsheets Biorefineries

The definition of Biorefining is the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketable Biobased Products and Bioenergy.

Biobased products and Bioenergy

  • Biobased Products: chemicals & materials, but also human food & animal feed
  • Bioenergy: fuels, power and/or heat

In general both Energy-driven and Product-driven Biorefineries can be distinguished.

  • Energy-driven Biorefineries
    The main goal of EdBs is the production of one of more secondary energy carriers – fuels, power and/or heat – from biomass. Process residues are upgraded and valorised to Biobased Products to maximise the economic profitability of the full biomass-to-products chain.
  • Product-driven Biorefineries
    The main goal of PdBs is the production of one of more Biobased Products – chemicals, materials, food and/or feed – from biomass. Process residues are used for the production of Bioenergy for internal/external use to maximise the economic profitability of the full biomass-to-products chain.

IEA Bioenergy Task 42 deals with both EdBs and PdBs.

Classification System Biorefineries

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Click on the image to view a larger version

Biorefinery Fact Sheets

Factsheets Major Biorefineries