The definition of Biorefining is the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketable Biobased Products and Bioenergy.
Biobased products and Bioenergy
- Biobased Products: chemicals & materials, but also human food & animal feed
- Bioenergy: fuels, power and/or heat
In general both Energy-driven and Product-driven Biorefineries can be distinguished.
- Energy-driven Biorefineries
The main goal of EdBs is the production of one of more secondary energy carriers – fuels, power and/or heat – from biomass. Process residues are upgraded and valorised to Biobased Products to maximise the economic profitability of the full biomass-to-products chain.
- Product-driven Biorefineries
The main goal of PdBs is the production of one of more Biobased Products – chemicals, materials, food and/or feed – from biomass. Process residues are used for the production of Bioenergy for internal/external use to maximise the economic profitability of the full biomass-to-products chain.
IEA Bioenergy Task 42 deals with both EdBs and PdBs.
Classification System Biorefineries
Biorefinery Fact Sheets
- 3-platform (vacuum gas oil, pyrolysis oil, electricity&heat) biorefinery using wood for renewable gasoline&diesel, biochar and pyrolysis oil (205,29 kb)
- 2-platform (electricity&heat, syngas) biorefinery using wood chips for FT-diesel, FT-gasoline, heat and waxes with steam gasification (197,59 kb)
- 3-platform (pyrolysis oil, syngas, electricity&heat) biorefinery using straw for FT-diesel and methanol with oxygen gasification (195,71 kb)
- 4-platform (biogas, green juice, green fibres, electricity&heat) biorefinery using grass silage and food residues for bioplastic, insulation material, fertilizer and electricity (199,45 kb)
- 3-platform (C6&C5 sugar, electricity&heat, lignin) biorefinery using wood chips for bioethanol, electricity and phenols (197 kb)
- Introduction (92,85 kb)