To make clear the development status and the perspectives for implementation and development of biorefineries the IEA Bioenergy Task 42 “Biorefining” developed a “Biorefinery Fact Sheet” for the uniform description of the key facts of a biorefinery.
Based on a technical description and the classification scheme the mass and energy balance is calculated for the most reasonable production capacity for each of the selected biorefineries. Then the three dimensions – economic, environmental and social - of sustainability are assessed for each biorefinery and documented in a compact form in the “Biorefinery Fact Sheet” by using the following methodologies:
- Economic assessment with Life Cycle Costing (LCC)
- Environmental assessment with Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
- Social assessment with Social Life Cycle Assessment (sLCA) and
- Overall assessment with Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA)